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USA Election System

- - Government - 376 read

We will talk about US election system.Voting in the United States is a two party system. Every president since 1852 has been either a Republican or a Democrat.
In the U.S., a "single-member district system" applies. The candidate who gets elected is the one who gets the highest number of votes in their respective state. Presidents are elected indirectly. The voters are really voting for electors in each state.

In all states, the candidate who wins a plurality, receives all of that state's electoral votes. All together there are 538 electors (in the "Electoral College). It is very important to win in populous states.

To win the presidential election, a candidate must earn an absolute majority at least 270 of the 538 electoral votes cast nationwide.

Who can run for President?

He must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, be at least 35 years of age, and have been a resident of the United States for 14 years.

How long is the President in office?

He is in office for 4 years.

Can the President be reelected?

Yes. He can be reelected once. Overall he can be in office for 8 years.

Who can vote?

Anyone who is 18 years of age. There is no national list of eligible voters, so a citizen must first qualify by becoming registered. Citizens register to vote in conjunction with the place they live, if they move to a new location, they typically have to register again. Registration system has been designed to eliminate fraud.

Is the President elected directly?

No. Voters are voting for electors who are members of a party.

When is election day?

Election day is the Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

When is the Inauguration of the President?

The President will be inaugurated on January 20 in the year after the election. From this time he is in office.

What are primaries?

At the primaries the parties nominate their candidates. This takes place about 1 year prior to the election.
There are
- closed / semi-closed primaries (e.g. Arizona)
- open primaries (e.g. Missouri)
- blanket primaries (e.g. Lousiana)

What are"caucuses"?

In some states (e.g. Iowa) there are three levels.
1st: local
2nd: district
3rd: state
Voters are voting for electors here, too. (e.g. North Dakota)

What is "Super Tuesday"

At this day there are pre-elections in at least 8 states. The winner of the primaries is most likely the candidate for the elections.

Kinds of Voting Technology

Elections in the United States are administered at the state and local level, and the federal government does not set mandatory standards for voting technologies. 1. Paper Ballots
2. Lever Machines
3. Punchcards
4. Computer (push-buttons)
5. Marksense Forms
6. Electronic Voting

Electoral College

There is a total of 538 electors. In December the electors meet in each states’s capitol to formally elect the President.
The congress meets in joint session to count the electoral votes January 6.

Voting pattern in America

The turn out at the election is only 50%. The problem that has made worse the issue of voter representation is the fact that an individual must initiate voter registration well before election day.

U.S. Presidents

No. Name Term of office
1 George Washington 1789 - 1797
2 John Adams 1797 - 1801
3 Thomas Jefferson 1801 - 1809
4 James Madison 1809 - 1817
5 James Monroe 1817 - 1825
6 John Quincy Adams 1825 - 1829
7 Andrew Jackson 1829 - 1837
8 Martin van Buren 1837 - 1841
9 William Henry Harrison 1841
10 John Tyler 1841 - 1845
11 James Polk 1845 - 1849
12 Zachary Taylor 1849 - 1850
13 Millard Fillmore 1850 - 1853
14 Franklin Pierce 1853 - 1857
15 James Buchanan 1857 - 1861
16 Abraham Lincoln 1861 - 1865
17 Andrew Johnson 1865 - 1869
18 Ulysses S. Grant 1869 - 1877
19 Rutherford B. Hayes 1877 - 1881
20 James Abram Garfield 1881
21 Chester Alan Arthur 1881 - 1885
22 Grover Cleveland 1885 - 1889
23 Benjamin Harrison 1889 - 1893
24 Grover Cleveland 1893 - 1897
25 William McKinley 1897 - 1901
26 Theodore Roosevelt 1901 - 1909
27 William Howard Taft 1909 - 1913
28 Woodrow (Thomas) Wilson 1913 - 1921
29 Warren Gamaliel Harding 1921 - 1923
30 Calvin (John) Coolidge 1923 - 1929
31 Herbert Clark Hoover 1929 - 1933
32 Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1933 - 1945
33 Harry S. Truman 1945 - 1953
34 Dwight (David) Eisenhower 1953 - 1961
35 John Fitzgerald Kennedy 1961 - 1963
36 Lyndon Baines Johnson 1963 - 1969
37 Richard Milhouse Nixon 1969 - 1974
38 Gerald Rudolph Ford 1974 - 1977
39 Jimmy Carter 1977 - 1981
40 Ronald Wilson Regan 1981 - 1989
41 George Herbert Walker Bush 1989 - 1993
42 William (Bill) Jefferson Clinton 1993 - 2001
43 George Walker Bush 2001 - 2008
44 Barack Hussein Obama 2008 -

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